Publication date: Jan 14, 2019
Group 15 elements in zero oxidation state (P, As, Sb and Bi), also called pnictogens, are rarely used in catalysis due to the difficulties associated in preparing well–structured and stable materials. Here, we report on the synthesis of highly exfoliated, few layer 2D phosphorene and antimonene in zero oxidation state, suspended in an ionic liquid, with the native atoms ready to interact with external reagents while avoiding aerobic or aqueous decomposition pathways, and on their use as efficient catalysts for the alkylation of nucleophiles with esters. The few layer pnictogen material circumvents the extremely harsh reaction conditions associated to previous superacid–catalyzed alkylations, by enabling an alternative mechanism on surface, protected from the water and air by the ionic liquid. These 2D catalysts allow the alkylation of a variety of acid–sensitive organic molecules and giving synthetic relevancy to the use of simple esters as alkylating agents.
No Explore or Discover sections associated with this archive record.
|55.5 MiB||All data files from source data. Data Availability. All other data supporting the findings of this study are available within the paper and its supplementary information files. The source data underlying Figs 1b, 2b–f, Figs 1, 2h,I, and Supplementary Figs S1-S9, Figs S11-S17, Figs S19,20, Figs S22-S24, Figs S28-S30, Figs S32, Figs S34-S40 are provided as a Source Data file|
|177.4 MiB||The source data underlying Figs 1b, 2b–f, Figs 1, 2h,I, and Supplementary Figs S1-S9, Figs S11-S17, Figs S19,20, Figs S22-S24, Figs S28-S30, Figs S32, Figs S34-S40 are provided as a Source Data file|