Generating carbon schwarzites via zeolite-templating

Authors: Efrem Braun1, Yongjin Lee2,3, Seyed Mohamad Moosavi2, Senja Barthel2, Rocio Mercado4, Igor A. Baburin5, Davide M. Proserpio6,7, Berend Smit1,2*

  1. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, United States
  2. Laboratory of Molecular Simulation, Institut des Sciences et Ingénierie Chimiques, Valais, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Rue de l’Industrie 17, CH-1951 Sion, Switzerland
  3. School of Physical Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech Universityi, Shanghai 201210, China
  4. Departmenti of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, CA94720
  5. Theoretische Chemie, Technische Universitat Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany
  6. Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milano, Italy
  7. Samara Center for Theoretical Materials Science (SCTMS), Samara State Technical University, Samara 443100, Russia
  • Corresponding author email:

DOI10.24435/materialscloud:2018.0013/v1 (version v1, submitted on 31 July 2018)

How to cite this entry

Efrem Braun, Yongjin Lee, Seyed Mohamad Moosavi, Senja Barthel, Rocio Mercado, Igor A. Baburin, Davide M. Proserpio, Berend Smit, Generating carbon schwarzites via zeolite-templating, Materials Cloud Archive (2018), doi: 10.24435/materialscloud:2018.0013/v1.


Zeolite-templated carbons (ZTCs) comprise a relatively recent material class synthesized via the chemical vapor deposition of a carbon-containing precursor on a zeolite template, followed by the removal of the template. We have developed a theoretical framework to generate a ZTC model from any given zeolite structure, which we show can successfully predict the structure of known ZTCs. We use our method to generate a library of ZTCs from all known zeolites, to establish criteria for which zeolites can produce experimentally accessible ZTCs, and to identify over 10 ZTCs that have never before been synthesized. We show that ZTCs partition space into two disjoint labyrinths that can be described by a pair of interpenetrating nets. Since such a pair of nets also describes a triply periodic minimal surface (TPMS), our results establish the relationship between ZTCs and schwarzites—carbon materials with negative Gaussian curvature that resemble TPMSs—linking the research topics and demonstrating that schwarzites should no longer be thought of as purely hypothetical materials.

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File name Size Description
MD5MD5: 465e363db751c17fa896feb4147f1dad
10.1 MiB Input files for simulations and topological analysis in LAMMPS, CP2K, ToposPro and SurfaceEvolver.
MD5MD5: 6e0abcfaf67c74631df4f821eaf5909e
721.0 KiB All the predicted ZTCs in this study in the .cif file format.


Files and data are licensed under the terms of the following license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.


schwarzites carbon materials ZTC TPMS MARVEL

Version history

31 July 2018 [This version]