Publication date: Oct 14, 2020
In this record we provide data supporting our recent results discussed in the fabrication of non-benzenoid nanographenes. Nanographenes (NGs) have gained increasing attention due to their immense potential as tailor-made organic materials for nanoelectronics and spintronics. They exhibit a rich spectrum of physicochemical properties that can be tuned by controlling the size or the edge structure or by introducing structural defects in the honeycomb lattice. In the published manuscript we report the design and on-surface synthesis of NGs containing several odd-membered polycycles induced by a thermal procedure on Au(111). Our scanning tunneling microscopy, noncontact atomic force microscopy, and scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements, complemented by computational investigations, describe the formation of two nonbenzenoid NGs (2A,B) containing four embedded azulene units in the polycyclic framework, via on-surface oxidative ring-closure reactions. Interestingly, we observe surface-catalyzed skeletal ring rearrangement reactions in the NGs, which lead to the formation of additional heptagonal rings as well as pentalene and as-indacene units in 2A,B, respectively. 2A,B on Au(111) both exhibit narrow experimental frontier electronic gaps of 0.96 and 0.85 eV, respectively, and Fermi level pinning of their HOMOs together with considerable electron transfer to the substrate. Ab initio calculations estimate moderate open-shell biradical characters for the NGs in the gas phase.
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