Recommended by

Indexed by

Ultrafast electron localization in the EuNi2(Si0.21Ge0.79)2 correlated metal

Jose Mardegan1,2, Serhane Zerdane3, Giulia Mancini3,4, Vincent Esposito3, Jeremy Rouxel4, Roman Mankowsky3, Cristian Svetina3, Namrata Gurung5,6, Sergii Parchenko1, Michael Porer1, Bulat Burganov7, Yunpei Deng3, Paul Beaud3, Gerhard Ingold3, Bill Pedrini3, Christopher Arrell3, Christian Erny3, Andreas Dax3, Henrik Lemke3, Martin Decker1, Nazaret Ortiz1, Chris Milne3, Grigory Smolentsev8, Laura Maurel5,6, Steven Johnson7, Akihiro Mitsuda9, Hirofumi Wada9, Yuichi Yokoyama10,11, Hiroki Wadati10,11,12, Urs Staub1*

1 Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland

2 Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestraße 85, 22607, Hamburg, Germany

3 SwissFEL, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland

4 Laboratoire de Spectroscopie Ultrarapide (LSU) and Lausanne Centre for Ultrafast Science (LACUS), Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), ISIC-FSB, Station 6, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland

5 Laboratory for Multiscale Materials Experiments, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland

6 Laboratory for Mesoscopic Systems, Department of Materials, ETH Zürich, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland

7 Institute for Quantum Electronics, ETH Zürich, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland.

8 Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland

9 Department of Physics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan

10 Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8581, Japan.

11 Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.

12 Graduate School of Material Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1, Koto, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan

* Corresponding authors emails: urs.staub@psi.ch
DOI10.24435/materialscloud:5f-y0 [version v1]

Publication date: Aug 31, 2021

How to cite this record

Jose Mardegan, Serhane Zerdane, Giulia Mancini, Vincent Esposito, Jeremy Rouxel, Roman Mankowsky, Cristian Svetina, Namrata Gurung, Sergii Parchenko, Michael Porer, Bulat Burganov, Yunpei Deng, Paul Beaud, Gerhard Ingold, Bill Pedrini, Christopher Arrell, Christian Erny, Andreas Dax, Henrik Lemke, Martin Decker, Nazaret Ortiz, Chris Milne, Grigory Smolentsev, Laura Maurel, Steven Johnson, Akihiro Mitsuda, Hirofumi Wada, Yuichi Yokoyama, Hiroki Wadati, Urs Staub, Ultrafast electron localization in the EuNi2(Si0.21Ge0.79)2 correlated metal, Materials Cloud Archive 2021.143 (2021), doi: 10.24435/materialscloud:5f-y0.


Ultrafast electron delocalization induced by a femtosecond laser pulse is a well-known process in which electrons are ejected from the ions within the laser pulse duration. However, very little is known about the speed of electron localization out of an electron gas in correlated metals, i.e., the capture of an electron by an ion. Here, we demonstrate by means of pump-probe x-ray techniques across the Eu L3 absorption edge that an electron localization process in the EuNi2(Si0.21Ge0.79)2 intermetallic material occurs within a few hundred femtoseconds after the optical excitation. Spectroscopy and diffraction data collected simultaneously at low temperature and for various laser fluences show that the localization dynamics process is much faster than the thermal expansion of the unit cell along the c direction which occurs within picoseconds. Nevertheless, this latter process is still much slower than pure electronic effects, such as screening, and the subpicosecond timescale indicates an optical phonon drive origin. In addition, comparing the laser fluence dependence of the electronic response with that found in other intermediate 4 f valence materials, we suggest that the electron localization process observed in this Eu-based correlated metal is mainly related to changes in the 4 f hybridization. The observed ultrafast electron localization process sparks fundamental questions for our understanding of electron correlations and their coupling to the lattice.

Materials Cloud sections using this data

No Explore or Discover sections associated with this archive record.


File name Size Description
1.0 KiB Description of ZIP-archive contents in the folders.
4.3 MiB All experimental data and scripts presented in the manuscript. See README.txt for further information.


Files and data are licensed under the terms of the following license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.
Metadata, except for email addresses, are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 4.0 International license.

External references

Journal reference
J. Mardegan et al. (in preparation)


Ultrafast electron delocalization valence transition pump and probe x-ray techniques Experimental

Version history:

2021.143 (version v1) [This version] Aug 31, 2021 DOI10.24435/materialscloud:5f-y0