Publication date: Nov 15, 2022
A van der Waals (vdW) charge qubit, electrostatically confined within two-dimensional (2D) vdW materials, is proposed as a building block of future quantum computers. Its characteristics are systematically evaluated with respect to its two-level anticrossing energy difference (Δ). Bilayer graphene (Δ≈ 0) and a vdW heterostructure (Δ≫ 0) are used as representative examples. Their tunable electronic properties with an external electric field define the state of the charge qubit. By combining density functional theory and quantum transport calculations, we highlight the optimal qubit operation conditions based on charge stability and energy-level diagrams. Moreover, a single-electron transistor design based on trilayer vdW heterostructures capacitively coupled to the charge qubit is introduced as a measurement setup with low decoherence and improved measurement properties. It is found that a Δ greater than 20 meV results in a rapid mixing of the qubit states, which leads to a lower measurement quantity, i.e., contrast and conductance. With properly optimized designs, qubit architectures relying on 2D vdW structures could be integrated into an all-electronic quantum computing platform.
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|3.6 MiB||Quantum Espresso, Wannier90 input files and quantum transport (OMEN) simulation files of van der Waals charge qubit and QuTiP simulation files of combined system of the single-electron transistor and qubit.|