Recommended by

Indexed by

Pivotal role of intersite Hubbard interactions in Fe-doped α-MnO₂

Ruchika Mahajan1*, Arti Kashyap1*, Iurii Timrov2*

1 School of Basic Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Himachal Pradesh 175075, India

2 Theory and Simulation of Materials (THEOS), and National Centre for Computational Design and Discovery of Novel Materials (MARVEL), École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland

* Corresponding authors emails: ruchika_mahajan@students.iitmandi.ac.in, arti@iitmandi.ac.in, iurii.timrov@epfl.ch
DOI10.24435/materialscloud:8n-bm [version v2]

Publication date: Jun 23, 2022

How to cite this record

Ruchika Mahajan, Arti Kashyap, Iurii Timrov, Pivotal role of intersite Hubbard interactions in Fe-doped α-MnO₂, Materials Cloud Archive 2022.83 (2022), doi: 10.24435/materialscloud:8n-bm.


We present a first-principles investigation of the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of the pristine and Fe-doped α-MnO₂ using density-functional theory with extended Hubbard functionals. The onsite U and intersite V Hubbard parameters are determined from first principles and self-consistently using density-functional perturbation theory in the basis of Löwdin-orthogonalized atomic orbitals. First, we analyze the pristine α-MnO₂ and show that the C2-AFM spin configuration is the most energetically favorable, in agreement with the experimentally observed antiferromagnetic state. For the Fe-doped α-MnO₂ two types of doping are considered: Fe insertion in the 2 × 2 tunnels and partial substitution of Fe for Mn. The calculated formation energies show that the experimentally observed Fe insertion is energetically favorable only when intersite Hubbard interactions are taken into account. Moreover, we find that both types of doping preserve the C2-AFM spin configuration of the host lattice only when Hubbard V corrections are included. The oxidation state of Fe is found to be +2 and +4 in the case of the interstitial and substitutional doping, respectively, while the oxidation state of Mn is +4 in both cases. This work opens a door for accurate studies of other Mn oxides and complex transition-metal compounds when the localization of 3d electrons occurs in the presence of strong covalent interactions with ligands.

Materials Cloud sections using this data

No Explore or Discover sections associated with this archive record.


File name Size Description
3.1 KiB The README-1.txt file describes the content of the compressed file Files-1.tar.bz2
301.7 MiB Collection of all files which were used to produce the data of the paper for pristine α-MnO2 (input and output files).
3.2 KiB The README-2.txt file describes the content of the compressed file Files-2.tar.bz2
632.1 MiB Collection of all files which were used to produce the data of the paper for Fe-doped α-MnO2 (input and output files).
2.2 KiB The README-3.txt file describes the content of the compressed file Files-3.tar.bz2
3.8 MiB Collection of all files which were used to produce the data of the paper for Bulk Mn and Fe (input and output files).


Files and data are licensed under the terms of the following license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.
Metadata, except for email addresses, are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 4.0 International license.


MnO2 DFT+U DFT+U+V crystal structure density of states density-functional theory Hubbard parameters self-interactions magnetic moment band gap spin configuration Hubbard projectors orthogonalized atomic orbitals Fe-doped MnO2 oxidation state Interstitial doping substitutional doping bond length bond angles

Version history:

2022.83 (version v2) [This version] Jun 23, 2022 DOI10.24435/materialscloud:8n-bm
2022.63 (version v1) May 12, 2022 DOI10.24435/materialscloud:gs-fc