Recommended by

Indexed by

Jahn-Teller effect in the cubic fullerides A₃C₆₀

Zhishuo Huang1*, Munirah D. Albaqami2, Tohru Sato3, Naoya Iwahara4,5,1*, Liviu F. Chibotaru1*

1 Theory of Nanomaterials Group, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200F, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium

2 Chemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia

3 Fukui Institute for Fundamental Chemistry, Kyoto University, Takano Nishihiraki-cho 34-4, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 6068103, Japan

4 Graduate School of Engineering, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522, Japan

5 Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, Block S8 Level 3, 3 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117543, Singapore

* Corresponding authors emails: zhishuohuang@gmail.com, naoya.iwahara@gmail.com, liviu.chibotaru@kuleuven.be
DOI10.24435/materialscloud:a1-8f [version v1]

Publication date: Oct 10, 2023

How to cite this record

Zhishuo Huang, Munirah D. Albaqami, Tohru Sato, Naoya Iwahara, Liviu F. Chibotaru, Jahn-Teller effect in the cubic fullerides A₃C₆₀, Materials Cloud Archive 2023.153 (2023), https://doi.org/10.24435/materialscloud:a1-8f


Compared to isolated C₆₀³⁻ ions, characterized by a three-dimensional equipotential trough at the bottom of the lowest adiabatic potential energy surface (APES), the Jahn-Teller (JT) effect in cubic fullerides is additionally influenced by the interaction of JT distortions at C₆₀ sites with vibrational modes of the lattice. This leads to modification of JT stabilization energy and to the warping of the trough at each fullerene site, as well as to the interaction of JT distortions at different sites. Here we investigate these effects in three fcc fullerides with A = K, Rb, Cs and in Cs₃C₆₀ with bcc (A15) structure. DFT calculations of orbital vibronic coupling constants at C₆₀ sites and of phonon spectra have been done for fully ordered lattices (1 C₆₀/u.c.). Based on them the elastic response function for local JT distortions has been evaluated and the lowest APES investigated. To this end an expression for the latter as a function of trough coordinates of all sites has been derived. The results show that the JT stabilization energy slightly increases compared to an isolated C₆₀³⁻ and a warping of the trough of a few meV occurs. The interaction of JT distortions on nearest- and next-nearest-neighbor fullerene sites is of similar order of magnitude. These effects arise first of all due to the interaction of C₆₀ sites with the displacements of neighbor alkali atoms and are more pronounced in fcc fullerides than in the A15 compound. The results of this study support the picture of weakly hindered independent rotations of JT deformations at C₆₀ sites in cubic A₃C₆₀.

Materials Cloud sections using this data

No Explore or Discover sections associated with this archive record.


File name Size Description
3.2 GiB Data for the reproduction of all the first-principles calculations in the paper: Z. Huang, M. D. Albaqami, T. Sato, N. Iwahara, L. F. Chibotaru, Phys. Rev. 103, 134102 (2021).
2.0 KiB Detailed description of how the data is organized.


Files and data are licensed under the terms of the following license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.
Metadata, except for email addresses, are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 4.0 International license.


Jahn-Teller effect Cubic fullerides Elastic coupling Phonons

Version history:

2023.153 (version v1) [This version] Oct 10, 2023 DOI10.24435/materialscloud:a1-8f