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Unraveling the effects of inter-site Hubbard interactions in spinel Li-ion cathode materials

Iurii Timrov1*, Michele Kotiuga1*, Nicola Marzari1*

1 Theory and Simulation of Materials (THEOS), and National Centre for Computational Design and Discovery of Novel Materials (MARVEL), École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.

* Corresponding authors emails: iurii.timrov@epfl.ch, michele.kotiuga@epfl.ch, nicola.marzari@epfl.ch
DOI10.24435/materialscloud:ry-v5 [version v1]

Publication date: Feb 13, 2023

How to cite this record

Iurii Timrov, Michele Kotiuga, Nicola Marzari, Unraveling the effects of inter-site Hubbard interactions in spinel Li-ion cathode materials, Materials Cloud Archive 2023.25 (2023), https://doi.org/10.24435/materialscloud:ry-v5


Accurate first-principles predictions of the structural, electronic, magnetic, and electrochemical properties of cathode materials can be key in the design of novel efficient Li-ion batteries. Spinel-type cathode materials LixMn2O4 and LixMn1.5Ni0.5O4 are promising candidates for Li-ion battery technologies, but they present serious challenges when it comes to their first-principles modeling. Here, we use density-functional theory with extended Hubbard functionals - DFT+U+V with on-site U and inter-site V Hubbard interactions - to study the properties of these transition-metal oxides. The Hubbard parameters are computed from first-principles using density-functional perturbation theory. We show that while U is crucial to obtain the right trends in properties of these materials, V is essential for a quantitative description of the structural and electronic properties, as well as the Li-intercalation voltages. This work paves the way for reliable first-principles studies of other families of cathode materials without relying on empirical fitting or calibration procedures.

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DFT+U+V DFT+U Extended Hubbard functionals Spinel cathode materials Li-ion batteries Lithium intercalation voltage MARVEL/OSP CSCS

Version history:

2023.25 (version v1) [This version] Feb 13, 2023 DOI10.24435/materialscloud:ry-v5