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Ab initio real-time quantum dynamics of charge carriers in momentum space

Zhenfa Zheng1, Yongliang Shi1,2,3*, Jin-Jian Zhou4, Oleg V. Prezhdo5, Qijing Zheng1*, Jin Zhao1,6*

1 Department of Physics, ICQD/Hefei National Research Center for Physical Sciences at Microscale, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, Anhui, China

2 Center for Spintonics and Quantum Systerms, State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, 710049, Shanxi, China

3 State Key Laboratory of Surface Physics and Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433, China

4 School of Physics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, 100081, China

5 Departments of Chemistry, Physics, and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, 90089, California, USA

6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, 15260, Pennsylvania, USA

* Corresponding authors emails: sylcliff@xjtu.edu.cn, zgj@ustc.edu.cn, zhaojin@ustc.edu.cn
DOI10.24435/materialscloud:2n-3j [version v3]

Publication date: Apr 12, 2023

How to cite this record

Zhenfa Zheng, Yongliang Shi, Jin-Jian Zhou, Oleg V. Prezhdo, Qijing Zheng, Jin Zhao, Ab initio real-time quantum dynamics of charge carriers in momentum space, Materials Cloud Archive 2023.60 (2023), doi: 10.24435/materialscloud:2n-3j.

Description

Application of the nonadiabatic molecular dynamics (NAMD) approach is severely limited to studying carrier dynamics in the momentum space, since a supercell is required to sample the phonon excitation and electron-phonon (e-ph) interaction at different momenta in a molecular dynamics simulation. Here, we develop an ab initio approach for the real-time quantum dynamics for charge carriers in the momentum space (NAMD_k) by directly introducing the e-ph coupling into the Hamiltonian based on the harmonic approximation. The NAMD_k approach maintains the quantum zero-point energy and proper phonon dispersion, and includes memory effects of phonon excitation. The application of NAMD_k to the hot carrier dynamics in graphene reveals the phonon-specific relaxation mechanism. An energy threshold of 0.2eV, defined by two optical phonon modes strongly coupled to the electrons, separates the hot electron relaxation into fast and slow regions with the lifetimes of pico- and nano-seconds, respectively. The NAMD_k approach provides a powerful tool to understand real-time carrier dynamics in the momentum space for different materials.

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External references

Preprint (Preprint where the data is discussed)

Keywords

nonadiabatic molecular dynamics electron-phonon coupling first principles