Recommended by

Indexed by

Auxetic polymer networks: The role of crosslinking, density, and disorder

Andrea Ninarello1,2*, José Ruiz-Franco1,3*, Emanuela Zaccarelli1,2*

1 CNR Institute of Complex Systems, Uos Sapienza, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma, Italy

2 Department of Physics, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma, Italy

3 Physical Chemistry and Soft Matter, Wageningen University and Research, Stippeneng 4, 6708WE Wageningen, The Netherlands

* Corresponding authors emails: andreasaverio.ninarello@cnr.it, jmruizfranco@gmail.com, emanuela.zaccarelli@cnr.it
DOI10.24435/materialscloud:64-wr [version v1]

Publication date: Jan 24, 2024

How to cite this record

Andrea Ninarello, José Ruiz-Franco, Emanuela Zaccarelli, Auxetic polymer networks: The role of crosslinking, density, and disorder, Materials Cloud Archive 2024.12 (2024), https://doi.org/10.24435/materialscloud:64-wr


Low-crosslinked polymer networks have recently been found to behave auxetically when subjected to small tensions, that is, their Poisson’s ratio ν becomes negative. In addition, for specific state points, numerical simulations revealed that diamond-like networks reach the limit of mechanical stability, exhibiting values of ν = −1, a condition that we define as hyper-auxeticity. This behavior is interesting per se for its consequences in materials science but is also appealing for fundamental physics because the mechanical instability is accompanied by evidence of criticality. In this work, we deepen our understanding of this phenomenon by performing a large set of equilibrium and stress–strain simulations in combination with phenomenological elasticity theory. The two approaches are found to be in good agreement, confirming the above results. We also extend our investigations to disordered polymer networks and find that the hyper-auxetic behavior also holds in this case, still manifesting a similar critical-like behavior as in the diamond one. Finally, we highlight the role of the number density, which is found to be a relevant control parameter determining the elastic properties of the system. The validity of the results under disordered conditions paves the way for an experimental investigation of this phenomenon in real systems, such as hydrogels.

Materials Cloud sections using this data

No Explore or Discover sections associated with this archive record.


File name Size Description
3.9 MiB Lammps configurations and data of hydrogels published in the manuscript


Files and data are licensed under the terms of the following license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.
Metadata, except for email addresses, are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 4.0 International license.

External references

Journal reference


Elasticity Hydrogels Auxetic materials

Version history:

2024.12 (version v1) [This version] Jan 24, 2024 DOI10.24435/materialscloud:64-wr